Se muestran los artículos pertenecientes a Enero de 2007.
«Radio broadcasts on medium wave will end within a few years if a powerful coalition of commercial radio interests has its way.Ofcom, commercial radio's regulatory body, will launch a debate in the coming months on the future of radio. Many predict that it will result in the end of AM broadcasts as we have known them since the days of the Home Service and Light Programme. The growth of digital broadcasts, either on radio, over the internet or through digital television, has left commercial AM broadcasts with only 3.8 per cent of the national audience this year. While the BBC remains on the sidelines — the vast bulk of its weekly Radio Five Live audience of 5.7 million still listens on AM — leading figures in the commercial sector are determined to sound the death knell of medium wave. The commercial stations are having to face up to the dwindling numbers tuning in to AM stations as people opt for FM broadcasts or, increasingly, the higher quality of digital broadcasts. "The current AM licences are up for renewal in 2011 and 2012," an Ofcom spokesman said yesterday. "The question we have to address is whether or not these stations will be commercially viable by then." Fru Hazlitt, the chief executive of Virgin Radio, is an outspoken critic of AM. "We pay huge amounts of money to Ofcom for the AM licence," she said. "Within the next year or two we should switch it off. It just isn't worth it." Andy Duncan, the chief executive of Channel 4, predicted that, over the next five to 10 years, AM and FM listening would wither away. Capital Radio bosses have also been calling on the Government to set a date to switch off both AM and FM. Not everyone agrees, however, that AM is a dead duck. Emap, whose Magic AM has been relaunched nationwide, believes there is still a place for medium wave. Ofcom said it hoped to begin a wide consultation over the future of AM. "There could be much more effective uses for this spectrum — it could be used for community radio," the spokesman said. "The growth of digital at the cost of analogue cannot be ignored."»
fonte: Daily Telegraph, «Wave farewell to AM radio, say experts» By David Sapsted, 30/12/06
«After two years of hesitancy, the music industry is finally taking its first steps toward embracing podcasting. When podcasts attained prominence in 2004, amateurs and advertisers alike heralded the downloadable audio programs as the next step in the evolution of broadcasting. But they have failed to make headway in one key area: music programming. For a variety of reasons -- including fear of piracy and the need to be paid -- the major record labels and music publishers that control the rights to about 75% of the commercially released music in the U.S. have refused to make deals that would allow songs to be used in podcasts. Consequently, podcasts have been blocked from using this music, at least legitimately. That has stopped music-oriented radio programming from being available as podcasts. That is starting to change. San Francisco-based Rock River Communications Inc. has struck some of the first deals to license major-label content for podcasts. Rock River, which specializes in making the mix CDs sold at the check-out counters of retailers like Gap Inc. and Williams-Sonoma Inc.'s Pottery Barn, is creating a series of promotional podcasts on behalf of corporate clients including DaimlerChrysler AG and Ford Motor Co. (...)»
fonte: «Music Industry Changes Its Tune on Podcasting», Wall Street Journal, By ETHAN SMITH, January 2, 2007; Page B4
«Commercial radio stations in Britain are close to signing a deal with a major music rights organization to allow portions of music played on the airwaves to be included in podcasts. Under the deal, The Guardian reports, radio stations would be able to podcast up to 30 seconds of music tracks in the proposed deal with PPL, the UK royalty collection company that represents 3,500 record labels and over 40,000 artists. The one-year deal would cost commercial radio companies a total of around £100,000 (3,000). Radio stations would also have to work with a variety of other licensing fees, which would bring the estimated costs of podcasting to about £210,000 (3,000). Radio stations in the UK already pay between 8- and 12 percent of their revenues to cover licensing fees. A consortium of commercial radio stations has agreed to share the costs.»
fonte: «Music Podcast License Deal May Be Near For British Commercial Radio», Posted by David Kaplan, 05 Jan 2007 (Paidcontent.org)
diz o presidente da Bridge Ratings:
«"Traditional radio should heed this development," Bridge wrote of the latter prediction. "Just because radio has specialized in audio content for 100 years, doesn't mean it can't and shouldn't develop video to complement their brands. And with that will come a new stream of revenue. CPMs are much more lucrative with video on the net." Also, he believes, advertising in digital venues will become more contextual; small-screen devices will have limited appeal as a media platform; and marketers will make some mistakes as they move into new digital spaces.»
fonte: «Bridge: Radio Should Heed Digital Video Online», 4/01/07, RWOnline
«o WiMax deverá ser concorrente da tecnologia 3G em Portugal já em 2008. Os operadores portugueses de telecomunicações estão a estudar a entrada da tecnologia WiMax no mercado, previsto para 2008. EStá na mira da Vodafone, TMN, PT Comunicações e Novis, que admitem realizar investimentos nesta rede, assim que seja definido um enquadramento pela ANACOM, actualmente em consulta pública. (...) Permite velocidades de transmissão de voz e dados três vezes superiores às actuais redes celulares de terceira geração móvel (3g ou 3,5G) com custos de infraestrutura mais baixos. (...) Tecnologicamente o WiMax é uma evolução do já existente wi-fi (...). A questão que se coloca é saber até que ponto o WiMax poderá vir a ser um sério concorrente do 3G, já que muitos operadores móveis fizeram pesados investimentos nesta rede que ainda está em fase de rentabilização. (...) não se prevê uma expressão alargada do WiMax, apesar destas redes poderem, potencialmente, cobrir cidades inteiras.»Duas perguntas a Filipe Ribeiro, CEO da Greenwich Consulting
P Quais as vantagens do WiMAX face às actuais redes 3G?
R Estas tecnologias (baseadas no standard IEEE 802.16) podem essencialmente ser comparadas em velocidade e mobilidade com as actuais redes 3G: o WiMAX apresenta vantagens em termos de velocidade (ex. HSDPA pode permitir a prazo 14Mbps «versus» 50Mbps para o WiMAX), mas também tem mais limitações de mobilidade.
P Pode-se apelidar o WiMAX como quarta geração móvel (4G)?
R É essa a nomenclatura que muitos dos intervenientes no sector utilizam, dadas as suas características evolutivas quando comparado com as redes de 3G. A título de exemplo, um executivo de um dos grandes fornecedores de telecomunicações disse recentemente que “WiMAX é 4G. Somos bastante claros neste ponto”.
«O conceito de copyright será extinguido num prazo de 10 anos e as noções de autoria e de propriedade intelectual vão ser postas em causa. A música será um bem utilitário, tal como electricidade ou a água. É assustador e, ao mesmo tempo, excitante. Mas no fim de contas não interessa se estamos ou não excitados. É o que vai acontecer e ponto final» (David Bowie, em 2002, num artigo publicado no New York Times, antecipando as profundas transformações na industria da musica) (via Publico, 31/12/06, «é POSSIVEL REGULAR O Caos da Internet?»)
«His deal with Sony is a short-term one while he gets his label started and watches the Internet's effect on careers. "I don't even know why I would ant to be on a label in a few years, because I don't think it's going to work by labels and by distribution systems in the same way," he said. "The absolute transformation of everything that we ever thought about music will take place within 10 years, and nothing is going to be able to stop it. I see absolutely no point in pretending that it's not going to happen. I'm fully confident that copyright, for instance, will no longer exist in 10 years, and authorship and intellectual property is in for such a bashing." "Music itself is going to become like running water or electricity," he added. "So it's like, just take advantage of these last few years because none of this is ever going to happen again. You'd better be prepared for doing a lot of touring because that's really the only unique situation that's going to be left. It's terribly exciting. But on the other hand it doesn't matter if you think it's exciting or not; it's what's going to happen." (http://babellist.xnet2.com/0206/msg00035.html)
«The number of consumers switching from analog to digital radios is expected to gain momentum worldwide, driving unit shipments to nearly 25 million in 2010, a market research firm says. That number compares with 5 million digital radio receivers shipped last year, In-Stat said. The major factors behind the expected increase in demand will be falling prices, more and better programming, significant boosts in advertising and promotions, and better features in digital receivers. Digital radio proponents say reception is superior to conventional broadcasting and enables a variety of "data services," including text-based information, such as artist name, song title, weather alerts, school closings, etc., scrolled across a receiver's display. A recent market study by In-Stat also found that 73% of U.S. respondents to a consumer survey were aware of high-definition radio on some level. In Europe, primarily the United Kingdom, digital audio broadcasting is the pervasive form of radio, with digital receiver shipments expected to outpace analog shipments this year.»
«The good thing about technology is that even if it starts out on the pricey side, you know that at some point it'll slide sufficiently down the tech scale to be affordable to even the slimmest wallets. This DAB radio comes with a CD player built in, and still costs a reasonable £100»
«As expected, XM will be displaying their pimped-out show vehicle at CES 2007, that will be packed to the gills with current and concept systems from XM's arsenal. This year the concept vehicle is called the XM "Infotainment" Vehicle, which is only a slight improvement to last year's super-sexy XM Advanced Services Vehicle namesake. Forgetting the name though, it's the vehicle that is drool inducing. The "Infotainment" vehicle will of course be packed with XM's new personal weather tracking system, which is just an incredible innovation. The vehicle will also showcase a variety of information and entertainment services (get it?) that XM has the ability to deliver to the automobile. And yes, for yet another year, we will be graced with yet another glimpse at the in-car video system developed by XM and On2 Technologies that can receive both video and audio from XM's current infrastructure. But beyond video, thankfully, the XM show vehicle is expected to be packed with other technological goodies. Goodies like XM's conversational voice-recognition software developed in conjunction with VoiceBox Technologies (view video here). The voice-command technology will not only include controls for the radio, but also for weather, traffic, stock quotes, and sports scores. Also as part of the "Infotainment" vehicle will be the XM ParkingLink, a parking-spot locater integrated into your GPS navigation system. XM ParkingLink will hopefully be offered to the general public in the second half of this year. The XM "infotainment" vehicle will be on display at the XM booth (CES Booth #4606) in the Las Vegas Convention Center's North Hall. Can't wait to see it.»
fonte: Orbicast, «CES 2007 Preview: XM's "Infotainment" Vehicle», 3/01/07
«We have put customers in control and they like it. You like it in your personal life. I like it in my personal life. I have an iPod, you have an iPod, everybody has an iPod - and there are times when I want to listen to the music I want to listen to. And frankly, there are other times when I don’t want to be bothered with all that and I do want to tune into my favorite radio station.
What about HD radio? When the radio was basically the only choice in a car – AM or FM or whatever – then advancements in radio technology could play an important role. If you look at the car companies today, they’ve had to engineer the cars to be compatible with iPods. They’ve had to re-engineer their tuners so that they could either carry XM or Sirius. I’m afraid in some respects the technology has sort of diminished the importance of HD radio. Again, though, because it’s a dogfight, you’re fighting for attention both with consumers and also with the manufacturers. I’d be fighting like crazy to make sure that HD radio gets promoted to the car industry so that they start installing the technology. In the past, the auto industry would pick up on these things automatically because they had limited choice. Not any more.»
fonte: «The Auto Industry’s Bad Branding – a Lesson for Radio», Hear2.0, 4/01/07
Era só uma questão de tempo; e se o serviço ainda é primário, não vai demorar muito até que ganhe qualidade...
«Fasten your seatbelt. Because the driving experience will never be the same again. With Autonet Mobile, the first ever, always-on mobile broadband network, you and your passengers can now enjoy internet services and Wi-Fi connectivity whenever you want to by turning your car into a Wi-Fi hotspot on wheels. IM, chat, stream media, email, games, on-line listen to music and more» (http://www.goautonet.com/wp/)
«Without question there will be significant demand for the services that always-on connectivity can provide. And that includes streaming audio, a.k.a. "radio." It is absolutely, positively inevitable that virtually every new vehicle will, within the next five years or so, be a potential roving hotspot. Who owns the featured and preferred access path under that scenario? Because access - distribution - will be the key value point in the process. In the world of mobile radio, our distribution is currently both universal and exclusive. But when "the box" belongs to a third party, we are assured of neither easy distribution nor universal access. The "box owners" will do what Apple does with iTunes: Yes, anyone can post a podcast. But a very few are "featured" while most are not. The "filters" control the value. And in this scenario you and I are no longer the filters. Put another way, anyone with a "Rock station" can theoretically buy access for that "station." If he has enough money. It's time for the radio industry to put our money where our cars are. Historically, every car has a radio because every driver wants one. What if every driver one day wants something else more?» (http://www.hear2.com/2007/01/the_first_inter.html)
Os dois quadros seguintes, publicados pela Bridge Ratings («Bridge Ratings 2007 Projections & Predictions», 1/01/07), mostram duas coisas muito claras (pelo menos nos EUA):
- 2007 vai continuar a ser um ano de queda para a rádio tradicional (por oposição à rádio atraves da internet ou, nos EUA, a rádio por satélite);
- a escuta de rádio entre os jovens virá para números nunca antes verificados (no primeiro quadro pode ver-se que desde 2002 que os jovens já não ouvem mais do que o universo de todos os ouvintes, neste caso com mais de 12 anos; em Portugal ainda temos mais escuta por parte de jovens do que o restante universo)
E pergunta: «podem 13 milhões estar enganados?»
«January 03, 2007 - LAS VEGAS — Delphi Corp. has just sold its 13-millionth satellite radio receiver, setting a new milestone. Delphi will showcase its satellite radio products next week at the 2007 International Consumer Electronics Show in Las Vegas. Delphi introduced satellite radio receivers to the OEM market in 2001. As satellite radio service providers revolutionize the U.S. radio landscape, Delphi has steadily ridden the wave by providing a variety of original equipment and retail receivers. The satellite radio market now boasts more than 13 million subscribers. Delphi is the leader in the OE satellite radio market and produces receivers for more than 10 new vehicle manufacturers. (...) Satellite radio is changing the paradigm of radio in the U.S.," said Ken Erickson, Delphi Electronics & Safety general director of the Entertainment & Communications product business unit. "Satellite radio has not only taken a long-time analog medium and made it digital, but it has also opened a new world of offerings to customers by providing more than a 100 additional channels of programming." (...) "Consumers now demand this level of flexibility and ownership, fueled even more today by their ability to personalize their listening experience through MP3 players," said Max Rogers, Delphi consumer electronics executive. "Satellite radio’s 170 channels of individual programming offers the same type of tailored listening experience with no downloading hassles." Many of the offerings are commercial-free and categorized by chronological time periods music genre and other defined segments that add another dimension to satellite radio that is not offered by traditional AM/FM radio.»
fonte: «13 Million Satellite Radio Consumers Can’t Be Wrong!»,Delphi Corp. 3/01/07
«Channel 4 Radio is claiming to be the first broadcaster to target its audience via a wi-fi network. Available free of charge for a two-month trial period as of today, PSP owners will be able to download 4Radio podcasts, which they can then listen to at their leisure.
fonte: «Channel 4 Radio news, music and Celebrity Big Brother on your PSP», Pocket Gamer.co.uk, João Diniz Sanches, 3/01/07
«Though certainly not the waves of new licenses offered a decade and a half ago when market liberalization ended State broadcasting monopolies, the consistent interest in FM broadcasting shows that both regulators and broadcasters see considerable value in the terrestrial analogue spectrum. Of course, regional differences exist: fewer new licenses offered in Western and Northern Europe, far more in the central and eastern countries»
a verdade é que:
«Regulators in Spain and France are moving toward optimizing the entire FM spectrum. Last summer the Spanish government opened about 1000 FM frequencies. Regional regulators or governments will then determine which will be reallocated to existing broadcasters and which will be offered to new licensees. The Consell de l'Audiovisual de Catalunya (CAC) will offer about 100 FM frequencies and began the process in October. “Many stations actually were operating without license, under different degrees of piracy, so a large part of this new licenses are intended to give legal coverage to what already exists,” said CAC’s Joan Botella. At the end of 2005 France’s Conseil Supériér de l’Audiovisual (CSA) announced plans to reallocate 57% of all FM frequencies used by private broadcasters, about 1600 frequencies, set to expire between 2006 and 2008. Rolling region by region over two years, new authorizations will be announced beginning in spring 2007. Most will be given to existing operators with provisions in place to protect community, not-for-profit stations. The only slow-down detected is in Scandinavia. Swedish regulator Radio- och TV – Verket (RTVV) has not licensed new FM stations in the last year and “has no plans to allocate new ones,” according to spokesperson Eva Bengtsson. Sweden, like the rest of the Nordic countries, is moving quickly to digital platforms. There is no slow-down in new FM broadcast allocations across Central and Eastern Europe. From Latvia to Cyprus, regulators are rapidly opening new license allocations, almost exclusively for either private, commercial or community radio`»
fonte: «More FM Radio Allocations and Licenses in Europe»,Followthemedia.com, Michael Hedges - January 3, 2007
«O dia de hoje fica marcado, no mercado dos media nos EUA, pelo início da medição electrónica das audiências de rádio. O primeiro mercado a usar este sistema será o mercado de Filadélfia. Em Filadélfia, serão hoje entregues ao mercado os últimos resultados de audiência de rádio recolhidos através do preenchimento de diários em papel. Estes dados serão usados no mercado publicitário, como "moeda", até Março deste ano, altura em que a empresa conta divulgar os primeiros resultados definitivos da medição pelo Portable People Meter (PPM). Os dados da medição electrónica de Janeiro e Fevereiro terão apenas um carácter demonstrativo. A Arbitron irá distribuir aos seus clientes dados semanais e mensais, que terão como base um painel de 2 040 indivíduos de 6 ou mais anos residentes em Filadélfia. A Research-Live divulgou, entretanto, na passada segunda feira (8 de Janeiro), que uma das principais estações de Filadélfia, a Clear Channel, ainda não tinha acordado em codificar a sua emissão por forma a ser reconhecida pelo PPM.Desta forma, permanece o clima de expectativa, já que agências como a Carat já disseram que apenas poderão comprar espaço publicitário em estações que tenham concordado em participar neste sistema de medição electrónico. Recorde-se que o PPM é um novo tipo de audímetro que detecta sinais inaudíveis, embebidos na emissão das estações, apresentando como principal vantagem o facto de poder medir as audiências de televisão e de rádio tanto dentro como fora de casa. Este sistema já foi testado em Portugal pelo Grupo Marktest.»
fonte: «Arbitron prepara lançamento de audiências pelo PPM em Filadélfia», Marktest.com, 11/1/07
«Arbitron announced Friday that Radio One, which for some time has been reluctant to encode its stations for Arbitron's Portable People Meter audience measurement system, has agreed to encode its radio stations in Philadelphia and Los Angeles to work with the PPM. No further details were given. Last year, Radio One quietly began encoding its stations in Houston, where Arbitron is currently conducting a PPM test» (RadioInk, 8/01/07)
«Based on a target install of 2,040 persons age 6 and older, Arbitron says they are currently more than 90 percent installed.
«In the past three years, more than 0 million of radio advertising revenue has disappeared from Greater Media markets. That's according to President & CEO Peter Smyth, who wrote in his monthly newsletter, "These dollars, which were once used to fund ad messages to broad audiences, are being redeployed to the Internet in more personal, one-to-one marketing efforts. Advertisers are rethinking their approach to media marketing and are questioning their media mix." Smyth noted that interactive advertising is growing in excess of 25 percent per year, while radio revenues have been flat to negative for three years. "In the near future, the interactive world will be a larger, yet more diverse advertising medium than radio. What are we as an organization going to do to respond to this trend ...? It is time for us to more clearly define our business."»
fonte: «Smyth Says Let's Redefine Our Business», 12/01/07, RadioWOnline,
«A Ford uniu forças com a Microsoft, líder do setor de informática, para desenvolver o "Sync", sistema para conectar aos carros diversos aparelhos eletrônicos. "Nós precisamos inserir o carro dentro dessa equação, mas de um jeito simples e seguro", disse Gates, via satélite. O "Sync", que inclui tecnologia sem fio Bluetooth, é desenhado para permitir comunicação telefônica móvel sem uso das mãos e transferência de informações sem fio dentro do carro, incluindo e-mail e download de músicas. (...) Mark Fields, presidente da Ford para o continente americano, revelou que a tecnologia "Sync" estará com certeza disponível em carros ainda este ano. "O potencial do mercado (para o "Sync") é incrível", afirmou Fields.»
«Mark Fields, presidente da Ford para as Americas, anunciou que a tecnologia estará disponível ainda este ano em 12 veículos da empresa, incluindo modelos mais baratos, como o Focus. "O potencial do mercado é absolutamente enorme, antecipou Fields. Inicialmente, o Sync estará disponível em inglês, espanhol e francês. O motorista poderá telefonar para seus contatos apenas ditanto seus nomes, ou dizer o nome de uma música para ouví-la. O sistema será compatível com os tocadores Zune, da própria Microsoft, e iPod, da Apple. A tecnologia terá a capacidade de ler, em voz alta, mensagens de texto recebidas no telefone celular, incluindo a "tradução" de expressões comuns em SMS. "O Sync ajudará a revolucionar a experiência do motorista ao prover um sistema simples que conecta, de forma inteligente, telefones celulares, tocadores de música e outros aparelhos", declarou Gates.»
«(...) analysts say that streaming audio's defining promise will be personalization: empowering listeners to tailor their own content. "Personalization is a real hot button," says Kurt Hanson, publisher and editor of RAIN (Radio And Internet Newsletter). "The technology is there. It's very complex and no one's doing all of that right now. But different people are doing different pieces of it already."Personalization opens the door to new collaborations, just as the Internet has in other e-commerce arenas. A recording company, for example, could conceivably work with an Internet broadcaster to develop new releases tailored to the tastes of individual consumers»
fonte: «Streaming audio takes on radio challenge», Infoworld.com, 22/05/2000
«Currently at hdradio.com, there are just over 600 stations currently listed. Although they are all FM stations at this point, I was assured that this would work for AM as well, which would make listening to sports on the radio (which are usually broadcast on an AM station) much more dynamic to listen to. And yes, after going to hddice.com (they make HD Radio for cars) and checking out the listings there for my state, there were indeed AM radio stations on their list. Of the remaining 12,500 or so radio stations in the US, 3000 are committed to converting to HD Radio, so if the stations where you are haven't converted yet, there's a good chance they will soon. So is it worth it? Well, if you're buying a BMW, Mini Cooper, Toyota, Lexus, or Scion, you can just get one from Dice Electronics installed from the factory (the major American car makers haven't hopped on board just yet). And the Dice models also come with an iPod interface, so you can have AM, FM, HD, and your own personal music collection all available through a single in-dash unit. The average home unit appears to be running around 0 right now.»
fonte: «The Next Gen In Radio», AUdrey's blog, 7/01/07
« Research firm In-stat says that the conversion from analog radio to digital radio is well under way around the world and gaining momentum rapidly. According to recent research from the company, the worldwide market for digital radio receivers will grow from 5 million units in 2005, to almost 25 million unit shipments in 2010. The study, More Consumers to Tune Into Digital Radio in 2007, cites the primary factors of the expected growth are falling receiver prices, an increase in the amount of compelling digital programming, significant boosts in promotion and advertising of digital radio, and enhanced functionality of digital radio receivers. The report also notes that digital radio is still an emerging market with opportunities for retailers, broadcasters, automobile OEMs and receiver manufacturers. In-stat notes that in 2006, 73 percent of respondents to an In-Stat U.S. consumer survey were aware of HD Radio on some level. In-stat also notes that digital radio is outpacing analog radio in Europe and especially in the United Kingdom.»
fonte: «Digital Radio Worldwide Set for Growth in 2007», Beradio/Radio Currents Online, 07/01/07
Mais (que confirma que estamos perante uma realidade anglo-americana):
DE acordo com relatos diversos utilizadores do Pandora estão a reclamar pela introdução de publicidade on line antes das músicas. Como utilizador regular não só não me apercebi como até compreendo que o serviço tenha de ter contrapartidas, mas este texto remete sobretudo para uma característica da internet: quem utiliza de borla não quer começar a pagar...
«Pandora, a VC-funded Internet radio property that garnered huge amounts of media and popular attention in 2006 with its unique personalization and recommendation engine, is now coming under fire from fans who aren't pleased with the service's recent addition of in-stream audio ads.
Como diz Kurt Hanson, do RAIN: «As noted in Dan's article above, they're vociferously objecting to the presence of a single nine-second-long audio spot per day! And if Pandora's venture capitalists are ever going to recover the more than million they've sunk into the venture to date, Pandora is going to have to run a lot more advertising than that. (Or be more succesful with subscriptions than other webcasters have been.)--KH»
fonte: «Pandora's problem: fans won't tolerate in-streaming advertising», RAIN, 11/01/07
«Clear Channel Radio and Microsoft Corp. announced on Monday at the International Consumer Electronics Show 2007 that they have partnered to build a nationwide data delivery service using HD Radio technology, providing personalized and localized content to a variety of HD Radio receivers.
fonte: «Clear Channel Partners With MSN For HD Data Application» Radio Ink, 9/01/07
- É ainda uma novidade e pouca coisa se sabe. AInda assim, o modelo original aparece associado a um operador de telemóveis dos EUA (a Cingular), não se sabendo se poderá funcionar com outros (e fora dos EUA?);
- para bater a mais-valia do Zune, o iPhone permite a troca de informações/dados por wi-fi («Mas, ao contrário do Zune, iPhone Wi-Fi é apenas para conectar a internet através de hotspots ou redes. Não será aberto a conexão peer-to-peer»)
- «O preço do iPhone, a atuação exclusiva da Cingular e a falta de usabilidade do aparelho para os negócios podem transformar o produto em apenas uma solução de nicho luxuosa para pessoas muito ricas?»
«Jobs vê o iPhone como uma revolução da mesma forma que o Mac foi em 1984 e o iPod em 2001. Nem todos têm a mesma opinião. O Mac e o iPod criaram categorias e indústrias de produtos completamente novas; o iPhone, enquanto que inovador no design, basicamente combina duas categorias de produtos existentes. Um feito? Sim. Quebra de paradigma? A conferir.»
«De vez em quando chega um produto revolucionário que muda tudo. É sorte se pudermos trabalhar num ao longo da carreira... e a Apple é sortuda por já ter lançado vários", disse Steve Jobs. O novo telefone vai estar disponível em Junho, nos EUA, em duas versões: uma com 8 gigabytes (GB) de capacidade de armazenamento, que custará 600 dólares, e outra com 4 GB, a cerca de 500 dólares. À Europa chegará no final do ano, e na Ásia só em 2008. Tem uma câmara fotográfica com 2 megapixels de resolução e um ecrã táctil com 8,8 centímetros de diagonal. Nos EUA, o telemóvel da Apple funcionará na rede Cingular Wireless. O seu desenvolvimento levou ao registo de mais de 200 patentes, o que o torna numa das maiores inovações da empresa. O facto de ter o sistema operativo OS X - usado nos computadores da Apple - significa que o iPhone terá muitas das funções habituais naquelas máquinas. Permitirá aceder ao correio electrónico de forma automática ou ver os mapas do Google (...) Citado pelo site da revista PC World, Jobs comentou que já existem outros telemóveis que fornecem acesso ao correio electrónico e a uma "Internet bebé". Mas considerou que esses dispositivos - os smartphones - "não são assim tão "espertos" nem fáceis de usar." (Publico.pt, «Apple lançou o iPhone, o telemóvel mais esperado dos últimos tempos», 10/01/07)
«What happens when you shimmy the WiFi capability of the iPhone to the next generation iPods which, no doubt, will debut in time for Christimas 2007? Further, what happens when Apple soups up their radio streaming services in order to add value to this WiFi capability?The answser: Radio becomes portable again. Your station - along with thousands of others streaming from radio stations and bedrooms all over the world. Steve Jobs projects the iPhone will have 10 million units on the market in 2008 - at least 8 million more iPhones than there will be HD radios (at a price point hundreds of dollars higher, I might add). And that doesn't count many millions more WiFiPods which will bring thousands of new radio competitors to the ears of your audience.» (Mark Ramsey, Hear2.0, 10/01/07)
A Cisco Systems já tem um iPhone... «(...) One source to Digital Music News noted that "Apple will keep the iPhone name," but that Cisco simply "wants Apple to conclude its agreement". The companies had been negotiating over rights to use the name, but terms were not finalized prior to the Macworld announcement.»
Faz isto tudo. Por isso diz que reinventa a experiência de ouvir rádio («Imagine your clock radio being able to tune in to any radio station in the world that streams online, or listen to podcasts on your radio … without the need for a computer interface or peripheral») :
Features of The Phoenix radio include:
«Along with traditional forms of audio, such as terrestrial analog radio and CD playback, today's automakers are incorporating satellite radio, digital terrestrial radio (otherwise known as HD radio in the US), and portable MP3 player support into newer vehicles, as either factory-installed or aftermarket options.
fonte: «Digital Audio in the Automobile», Outubro 2006, In-Stat
«[Banc of America securities analyst Jonathan] Jacoby found that “many new devices/systems are making it easier to use your cell phone and MP3 player while you drive. Several products on display integrate the iPod and cell phone into the car. Our negative outlook for terrestrial radio are based largely on our view that radio’s in-car listening base will be eroded by compelling alternatives. Ford and Microsoft have developed a hands-free wireless system called Sync that enables any USB media player to connect and play through the car stereo and be controlled by voice commands. We note that Sync includes a feature that allows you to play music similar to a selected track based on your mood. More advanced music identification technology is making it easier to build/rearrange playlists – responding to the oft-cited criticism of the iPod era that playlists are static and become stale.”
Este analista acha, contudo, que «On the plus side for terrestrial radio, the supply of HD Radio units seems to be building(...) Many units are now available for less than 0, a price barrier considered critical in driving consumer adoption.”
fonte: «Jacoby From Vegas With Good News/Bad News For Terrestrial Radio», Radio Ink, 11/01/07
«A TI (Texas Instruments) está desenvolvendo uma série de chips para celulares de baixo custo voltados a países em desenvolvimento, e prevê preços abaixo de US$ 20 para telefones mais básicos e US$ 35 para aparelhos com GPRS (General Packet Radio Service), câmera e tocador de música digital até o final deste ano. A empresa tem um papel vital na determinação de preços dos aparelhos já que é a maior fabricante do mundo da parte mais cara do celular, o chip. (...) Hoje, um aparelho GSM básico, com tela monocromática, custa US$ 25 para produzir, disse Goren. Os aparelhos são vendidos pelas operadoras nos mercados emergentes com
fonte: «Mercado terá celular de US$ 20», Jornal do Commercio, 11/01/07
«A partir de manhã, qualquer canção descarregada legalmente da Internet pode chegar ao primeiro lugar do top britânico de singles. Até agora, apenas canções vendidas fisicamente em CD nas lojas podiam aceder ao top - os downloads estavam incluídos mas até uma semana antes de o CD chegar ao mercado e, sem limite, duas semanas depois de o mesmo CD desaparecer das lojas. Com esta mudança no top britânico, criado há 54 anos, amanhã pode aparecer no primeiro lugar qualquer canção que tenha sido vendida nas lojas ou online. Segundo a empresa Official UK Charts Company (OCC), esta novidade vai reflectir melhor que música estão os britânicos a comprar, o que quer também dizer, segundo a OCC, que canções antigas, canções de artistas desconhecidos ou canções não publicadas em álbuns podem chegar ao top. "Literalmente, qualquer canção pode ser um sucesso - desde que venda o suficiente", diz Steve Redmond, director da OCC. Crazy, de Gnarls Barkley, fez história em 2006, quando se tornou a primeira canção a chegar a número um no Reino Unido graças apenas às vendas digitais.»
fonte: «"Downloads" forçam mudanças no top britânico», Público, 6/01/07
«My family has grown so accustomed to listening to our MP3 players, either as a family or individually, when we get in the car, we rarely turn on the radio. Heck, even the CD player is getting only occasional use (none at all from me, actually). Seems that Sanjay from The Simply Audio blog is having the same experience. An excerpt from the post:
«Several U.S. senators have reintroduced legislation that would require some digital and streaming Internet radio stations to use digital-rights management technology if they acquire licenses through U.S. government-mandated copyright plans. According to opponents, the legislation would jeopardize TiVo-like audio recording devices, such as the Inno from XM Radio, as well as businesses like Live365 and ShoutCast, which stream radio over the Internet using the open MP3 format.
The Perform Act, which died in Congress last year, was reintroduced Jan. 11 by Sens. Dianne Feinstein, D-Calif., Lindsey Graham, R-S.C., Joseph Biden, D-Del., and Lamar Alexander, R-Tenn. It requires satellite, cable TV, and Internet broadcasters to pay "fair market value" for digital music performances. It also requires "the use of readily available and cost-effective technology to prevent music theft," according to a press release from Feinstein's office. The law would apply to stations that license music from the government program created by Section 114 of the U.S Copyright Act.
It specifically allows some recording and time-shifting of radio. Consumers could record music by program, channel, or time period. "For example, if a listener chooses to automatically record a news station every morning at 9:00; a jazz station every afternoon at 2:00; a blues station every Friday at 3:00; and a talk radio show every Saturday at 4:00; that would be allowable. In addition, that listener could then use their recording device to move these programs so that all programs of the same genre are back to back," according to Feinstein. "What a listener cannot do is set a recording device to find all the Frank Sinatra songs being played on the radio-service and only record those songs," according to Feinstein. The RIAA welcomed the law. "Under the current system, satellite radio has been allowed to morph into a digital distribution service-- shorting the creators of music, displacing licensed sales, and threatening the integrity of the digital music marketplace in the process. We love satellite radio. But this is simply no way to do business. It's in everyone's best interest to ensure a marketplace where fair competition can thrive," the association said in a statement.
fonte: «U.S. Reintroduces Law Requiring DRM For Digital, Internet Radio». By Mitch Wagner, InformationWeek ,Jan 16, 2007 05:22 PM
«But the Electronic Frontier Foundation (EFF) and Public Knowledge oppose the legislation. The bill would be a "backdoor assault on your right to record off the radio," the EFF said. The Perform Act would prohibit digital and satellite radio services from offering TiVO-like recording options, the EFF said. The Perform Act would prohibit streaming music formats that don't use DRM, such as the MP3 format used on several Internet radio services, including Apple Inc.'s iTunes streaming radio stations, said Fred von Lohmann, senior intellectual property lawyer at EFF. The bill sets a "bad precedent for our copyright laws," von Lohmann wrote on the EFF blog. "Over the course of a century, our copyright laws have responded to changing technology not with government technology mandates, but rather by letting new business models evolve ..." Gigi Sohn, president of Public Knowledge, said she agrees with parts of the bill that streamline music licensing fees. But the DRM provisions place limits on consumers, she said. "This bill looks to the past rather than to the future by limiting the ability of consumers to use material to which they have subscribed and by limiting future innovations in electronics," Sohn wrote on the Public Knowledge Web site. "It confuses a radio service, in which a consumer can only record what is currently being played, with a download service, in which consumers pick the material to download.» (fonte: Computerworld, «Groups criticize proposed music DRM legislation», 18/01/07)
«Every so often someone in the radio industry trots out a study which says iPods really aren't that threatening to the radio industry's long-term health and welfare. "Folks get tired of maintaining them," they will say. "They're just a new form of Walkman," say others. (...)The fact is this: For younger consumers in particular, the iPod is no more difficult to use than a radio. Our research has shown this definitively. And while folks may occasionally tire of maintaining an iPod they will also tire of their radio stations. But tiring of something and abandoning it are two different things. Two billion downloads can't be all wrong. (...) The radio industry will have to come to terms with a future where your favorite radio station may always be on your hip and may always plays the songs you program yourself.This general trend, more than anything else, is why the growth of satellite radio will not be about music and why the distribution of HD radio will be forever hampered.If you want more music choice, the solution is in the palm of a ten-year-old.While satellite radio seems to inherently understand this, the powers-that-be in HD radio seem to have no such clue. And that's too bad, because facing reality is how you make the most of reality.(...)»
Mark Ramsey, hear2.0, «iPods don't matter to radio?», 16/01/07
«A forte implantação da Internet no escalão etário em referência revela que há igualmente a possibilidade de cada vez mais jovens escutarem a sua rádio preferida através da Internet. Esta será uma audiência que procura também a designação do nome da música e do artista que está a tocar, a possibilidade de participar em passatempos ou os endereços de correio electrónico dos locutores. A maior parte das estações analisadas disponibiliza todos estes elementos, mas há um receio geral de inovar e arriscar outros conteúdos, porque isso implica a utilização de recursos técnicos e humanos que muitas vezes as estações não dispõem e para os quais, muito possivelmente não terão qualquer rendimento. As estratégias operacionais desenvolvidas baseiam-se essencialmente na ideia de veículo de promoção para a estação e no eixo estabelecido pelo potencial interactivo da Internet, estando a generalidade das estações pouco vocacionada para a produção de conteúdos que explorem os principais traços da identidade da Internet. (...) Uma fórmula encontrada passa pela disponibilização de informações paralelas sobre os artistas e as músicas, agradando aos usuários e satisfazendo ao mesmo tempo as necessidades das editoras, que encontram na Internet um campo fértil para a promoção dos seus artistas, através de dados informativos, realização de passatempos e publicidade».
Cordeiro, Paula, «A rádio de modelo multimediático e os jovens» in http://bocc.ubi.pt/pag/cordeiro-paula-radio-modelo-multimediatico.pdf (pág. 18)
«(...) from broadcasting, which means sending a radio signal to an entire population in a particular geographic area at a particular time»
«(...) It is not quite true, therefore, that podcasting is to audio as blogging is to text. Podcasting is about “time-shifting” (listening offline to something at a time of one's own choosing, as opposed to a broadcaster's), whereas reading blogs requires a live internet connection and a screen. More subtly, podcasts are different from blogs and wikis in that they cannot link directly to other podcasts. This makes podcasting a less social, and probably less revolutionary, medium. Nonetheless, its rise has been nothing short of astonishing. Mr Curry's own podcast, The Daily Source Code, has several million listeners. Apple's iTunes, the software application and online music store that makes iPods work, currently lists 20,000 free podcasts and is adding them at a fast clip, all before podcasting's second birthday. (...) Does podcasting therefore spell the end of radio? “I don't really buy into that per se; what we're really seeing is a big mash-up of stuff,” says Mr Curry, the podfather. Podcasting, terrestrial radio and another newcomer, paid-for (ie, mostly advertising-free) satellite radio, are all carving out their niches in people's crowded media lives. The limiting factor of podcasting, says Mr Curry, is that it is “inherently asynchronous” (ie, not live). “If they find Osama bin Laden, don't go running to your iPod,” he adds. Breaking news, call-in shows (an old-fashioned form of participatory media) and other live programming will still work on terrestrial radio. This might lull radio bosses into a false sense of security, however. “I'm not sure that the average consumer is going to want to hear, you know, Joe podcasting out of his garage,” says Mark Mays, the chief executive of Clear Channel Communications, America's largest radio broadcaster with 1,200 commercial stations. Mr Mays claims that when people buy an iPod they will reduce their radio listening for a few months, but then increase it again to educate themselves about new music. “And where else to go for music than their local radio station?” asks Mr Mays. (...) The effects on radio, while not lethal, will therefore be large. Radio broadcasters understand that they need to make commercial radio less disagreeable to listen to, which above all means shorter advertising interruptions. This is why Clear Channel has introduced a campaign called “less is more”, in which it sells fewer minutes to advertisers in the hope that this will drive up ratings and prices. Historically, radio has been good at adapting. When Franklin Roosevelt gave his “fireside chats”, radios were in the living room and families gathered round them during prime time. Then television came along, and radios migrated to the car for use during rush hours. Podcasting may herald yet another migration, to a place and context yet to be determined.»
fonte: «Heard on the street»,Apr 20th 2006, From The Economist print edition
«(...) For listeners, the appeal is threefold. First, they become their own programmers, mixing the music and talk feeds that they enjoy. This liberates commuters, say, from commercial radio stations that, in America especially, seem only ever to get dumber and duller. Second, podcasts liberate listeners from advertising, and thus put an end to the tedious and dangerous toggling between the car radio's pre-set buttons at 100km an hour. (However, some podcasters are experimenting with putting advertisements into their podcasts.) Above all, the time-shifting that podcasts make possible liberates people from having to sit in their parked cars to hear the end of a good programme. For creative types, professional or amateur, the appeal of podcasting is much the same as that of other participatory media: it dramatically lowers the costs of producing content. All they need is a microphone, a computer and an internet connection, and most people already have those. (...) Mr Mays claims that when people buy an iPod they will reduce their radio listening for a few months, but then increase it again to educate themselves about new music. “And where else to go for music than their local radio station?” asks Mr Mays. If they are young, they will go anywhere but to their local radio station, says David Goldberg, the music boss at Yahoo! “The odds that you and I like the same five songs in a row are very low,” he says. “If you hate Metallica, you're not going to sit through three minutes hoping that the fourth minute gets better.” To young people today, song sequences are simply “playlists”, which happen to be among the easiest things to share with friends online, so this is what Yahoo! concentrates on doing. It lets people listen to music (for a small monthly subscription or pay-by-download) and then rate the song. Yahoo! then uses its knowledge of the online communities formed by its users to recommend the right kinds of songs “by connecting you with other people who like the same music”, says Mr Goldberg. The effects on radio, while not lethal, will therefore be large. Radio broadcasters understand that they need to make commercial radio less disagreeable to listen to, which above all means shorter advertising interruptions. This is why Clear Channel has introduced a campaign called “less is more”, in which it sells fewer minutes to advertisers in the hope that this will drive up ratings and prices.»
fonte: «Heard on the street», Apr 20th 2006
«Historically, radio has been good at adapting. When Franklin Roosevelt gave his “fireside chats”, radios were in the living room and families gathered round them during prime time. Then television came along, and radios migrated to the car for use during rush hours. Podcasting may herald yet another migration, to a place and context yet to be determined»
fonte: «Heard on the street», Economist, Apr 20th 2006
«People simply don’t have that big of a use for the radio anymore. The iPod is more convenient. You don’t have to keep changing the station every five minutes, you don’t have to listen to advertisements, and you don’t have to listen to some crazy DJ’s blabber on while you drive to school or work in the morning. The iPod is built into everything from cars to airplanes. It’s even driven companies out of business. For example, Tower Records is closing up shop. Sony Walkmans have essentially been replaced with iPod shuffles and nanos when it comes to working out. This device, this music player, caused a revolution. People were saying it would be “just another fad” and “gone in a few years” when it started to get popular. But when everyone from George Bush to the Pope has one, the decline of the iPod doesn’t seem to be coming anytime in the near future. It’s not a fad, it’s a new way of life. Another thing: Podcasting is replacing radio shows. As podcasting grow in popularity, radio shows decline in popularity. In the past, people would have to listen to some person blabber on about random and sometimes idiotic topics (and when I say random or idiotic, I mean, the pinnacle of random or idiotic). Now, people can now listen to whatever they want, whether it’s TWiT or CNN Headline News. (...) iPod really did kill the radio star; it’s driven companies out of business, replaced radio shows, and built itself into everything from cars to planes. No one knew that this device would ever have the effect it has had on us today.»
fonte: «iPod killed the radio star», The MacMind, 4/01/07
«[São Francisco] vai distribuir gratuitamente acesso sem fios à internet em todo o seu território. Mais de 777 mil habitantes terão um acesso continuidado e gratuito, onde quer que estejam na cidade, em casa ou na rua. A iniciativa -inédita não só nos EUA mas em todo o mundo - é da câmara municipal, que estás prestes a fechar as negociações com a Earth Link, a empresa que fará a distribuição do acesso (...)» (MIguel Martins, EXpresso/Única, 13/01/07 pag 92)
«(...) is this the year that HD Radio will take off in the United States? Because the U.S. radio spectrum is crowded and certain parts of it are reserved for the military, HD Radio piggybacks digital signals onto existing analog AM or FM signals rather than transmitting them over a different part of the spectrum, as is the case in the United Kingdom. But in both countries, digital radio technology delivers better sound quality than analog radio, and offers more variety and a host of special features. And, unlike satellite radio, there are no subscription fees, only the cost of buying a digital receiver. In the United Kingdom, more than 4.7 million digital radios have been sold since 1999. Listeners browse station listings in an electronic program guide, pause and rewind content as it's broadcast, bookmark specific programs or songs, and record them using postage-stamp-size memory cards. And starting in May, they can buy songs as they hear them on the radio, downloading them to computers, digital receivers or cell phones. "Consumers are no longer interested in a box that spits out content on a certain schedule," says Simon Cole, CEO of UBC Media, a U.K. company that provides technology services to radio stations. "Digital radio is delivering features that excite listeners." But in the United States? Not so much. Slightly more than 1,000 U.S. stations now broadcast in HD Radio, according to iBiquity Digital, the company that created the technology behind digital radio in the United States. But none yet offer the features available in the United Kingdom. Instead, they use the additional frequencies HD Radio technology provides to offer new channels of content called "multicasts." Top 40 station WNKS, for example, simulcasts its main analog signal on one of its HD Radio frequencies, and multicasts a Christian format on the other. "Multicasting is HD Radio's initial value proposition, but it's just a first step," says iBiquity CEO Bob Struble. Struble envisions HD Radio eventually delivering scrolling-text news and traffic updates, integrating with car navigation systems, and offering on-demand song downloads. And the new partnership between Clear Channel and Microsoft will create a national data service called MSN Direct HD that delivers localized, personalized content to home and car HD Radio receivers. HD Radio receiver sales reached the "low hundred thousands" in 2006, a significant jump from 2005, but miniscule next to XM's and Sirius' more than 13.5 million satellite radio subscribers. Part of the reason is political. While the U.K. government -- which controls much of the country's broadcasting industry -- was able to influence a national shift to digital, for-profit U.S. broadcasters were hesitant to embrace the unproven and expensive technology until satellite radio emerged as a competitive threat. (IBiquity estimates it costs ,000 to 0,000 to upgrade a radio station to HD Radio.) (...) Cole has watched digital radio take off in the United Kingdom, and believes it's only a matter of time before the same thing happens in the United States. "Three years ago I walked into (London department store) John Lewis and watched consumers completely ignore the tiny selection of digital radios for sale," he recalls. "This year I walked in, and couldn't find an analog radio. Digital was all they offered."»
Mas os estudos dizem que o interesse cresce:
«In June 2006, Bridge Ratings conducted a study of radio consumers to gauge their awareness of, and interest in. HD Radio. At that time, 62% of the sample were aware of the term "HD Radio." In their just-released study, that number has increased to 72%.
«Sales of digitally distributed music rose about 80 percent worldwide in 2006 but failed to make up for falling sales of compact discs, a trade group said Wednesday. The record industry generated nearly billion in revenue from online and mobile device sales last year, up from .1 billion in 2005, according to the International Federation of the Phonographic Industry. But the pace of growth slowed from 2005, when digital sales tripled. John Kennedy, chief executive of the group, which is based in London, stuck with a previous forecast that digital sales would make up 25 percent of the industry’s revenue by 2010. But his prediction a year ago that digital sales would cover the decline in CD sales in 2006 fell slightly short. Overall music revenue probably declined by about 3 percent last year, he said. “This is a market combining evolution and revolution, where the learning curve is changing direction on a regular basis,” Mr. Kennedy said»
«The good news is that more and more terrestrial operators are providing streams of their AM and FM signals. A recent J.P. Morgan analysis shows that broadcast stations are capturing a considerably larger share of overall Internet streaming. It suggests that more than 20% is comprised of radio streams from CBS and Clear Channel stations. Of all terrestrial broadcast streams, Clear Channel dominates 45% of this activity. On the one hand, this is good news because Internet audio is the way that AM/FM stations will find their way onto computers, and more importantly, phones, and Wi-Fi in vehicles. But the "meteor" side of the story is that broadcasters won't get full ratings credit for their streaming activity in Arbitron. That's because most stations' streams aren't true simulcasts of their terrestrial signals because broadcast commercials cannot be carried on the streams. Union/talent fees are at the center of this problem, necessitating stations to "fill" commercial clusters with all sorts of superfluous material (mostly unlistenable and clumsy, by the way). The bottom line is that sometime in 2007, Arbitron will very likely start reporting non-terrestrial listening (satellite, streaming, etc.), and a radio station's Internet stream will have to be listed separately. It's not an "Arbitron thing," it's the way it has to be done in order for advertisers to truly get what they're paying for.»
fonte: «It's A Meteor!!!», Jacobs Blog, 16/01/07
Quem disse que tinha chegado o declínio do iPOd?
«Apple announced another record breaking quarter, ended Dec. 30, resulting from “very strong” sales of iPods and “robust” sales of Macs, the company said. Revenue hit .12 billion, growing 24 percent from the quarter a year ago, and net income hit billion, up 78 percent. Sales of iPods for the quarter were 21.1 million, marking a 50 percent increase over the quarter a year ago, despite warnings from analysts that the market growth for MP3 players will slow over the next few years, down to about 10 percent annually. In addition, Apple said it maintained its high market share, achieving 72 percent share in the United States in December, according to NPD Techworld figures. (...) Music revenue fueled by iTunes sales was up 29 percent. iTunes now accounts for 85 percent of songs downloaded and purchased in the United States, Apple said, and sales of iTunes gift cards doubled over the holidays. (...) Apple chief financial officer Peter Oppenheimer called demand for the iPod “extraordinary” and said all three iPod models “did exceptionally well,” including the new Shuffle which shipped in October. Oppenheimer also noted that unlike last year, iPod supply kept up with demand over the holidays, which helped boost sales.»
fonte: «Apple Posts Record Quarter, Sells 21.1 Million iPods», By Amy Gilroy -- TWICE, 1/18/2007
«Music Choice, a provider of cable and satellite television-based audio and video content, recently counted its 600 millionth on-demand order. The accomplishment follows a heavy push into on-demand content by Music Choice, a blitz that recently included a major deal with Time Warner Cable. Damon Williams, a top programming executive at Music Choice, credited the accomplishment to "an extensive mix of music videos from established and emerging artists," as well as a programming focus that includes "original shows and exclusive performances". Music Choice is a joint venture involving Microsoft, Motorola, Sony, EMI Music, Comcast, Cox Communications and Time Warner Cable. Original programming is an important part of the on-demand mix for Music Choice. That includes series like Artist of the Month, which features an up-close look at chart-topping artists, and Certified, a show that allows users to vote for their favorite artists. The MTV-style showcases are designed to engage younger audiences, most of whom are comfortable with on-demand formats. Meanwhile, the Music Choice accomplishment is part of a much larger wave in on-demand programming, one that is completely transforming the passive television viewing experience. The Music Choice tally was certified by Rentrak, an independent data-tracking company.»
fonte: Music Choice Boasts 600 Million On-Demand Requests, Digital Music New, 18/01/07
«(...) Do You know what HD or High Definition Radio is or what it does? - this question in syntactically incorrect. The fact is, the "HD" in "HD Radio" doesn't stand for "high-definition" as it's television brethren does. As Peter Ferrera, president and CEO of the HD Digital Radio Alliance said, "Quite honestly, it [HD Radio] doesn't stand for anything. The concept was somewhat of a steal from HD television, where viewers know it means better quality"»
fonte: «Study: HD Radio Sales Estimate Reduced», Orbicast, 18/01/07
«A emissão digital traduz uma ligação ao multimédia, favorecendo a interactividade, ao mesmo tempo que faz desenvolver uma nova linguagem, pela incorporação de novos elementos à sua estrutura discursiva e potencia a criação de novos conteúdos para a mensagem radiofónica. Em paralelo, o esquema de recepção acompanha esta evolução, num novo modelo que transforma o ouvinte num utilizador e favorece a fragmentação das audiências em função dos seus interesses específicos. A Internet veio modificar a forma da recepção radiofónica, transformando o conceito de receptor noutro que se aproxima mais da noção de usuário, pela forma como o ouvinte/utilizador toma uma atitude activa de pesquisa e consumo dos conteúdos.» (Cordeiro, Paula, «A rádio de modelo multimediático e os jovens» in http://bocc.ubi.pt/pag/cordeiro-paula-radio-modelo-multimediatico.pdf (pág. 2)
«Nesta conjuntura, a ameaça não é a Internet em si, mas a Internet enquanto novo suporte para a rádio, que assim pode perder ouvintes no seu suporte tradicional, para ganhar novos ouvintes on-line. O que ainda não se sabe, é se com os avanços da tecnologia, dos programas informáticos e o consequente aumento da utilização da Internet, os internautas irão ouvir as estações que estão na rede e disponibilizam a escuta das suas emissões em tempo real, ou se passarão a escutar rádio cuja existência se limite à rede e que graças às possibilidades tecnológicas, reconverte o conceito de rádio. Essa reformulação do conceito pode decorrer da adopção de um esquema de múltiplos canais, da total ausência da presença humana, ou por outros factores relacionados com a discursividade do próprio meio, que modificam o habitual esquema de recepção da comunicação radiofónica e irão desenvolver novas maneiras de usar a rádio graças ao potencial da Internet.» (Cordeiro, Paula, «A rádio de modelo multimediático e os jovens» in http://bocc.ubi.pt/pag/cordeiro-paula-radio-modelo-multimediatico.pdf (pág. 2 e 3)
«Tradicionalmente conhecida como um meio imediato e irrepetível, a rádio, com o advento da Internet, pode redefinir-se. A introdução de sistemas multimédia vem alterar a natureza da rádio, podendo transformá-la de tal forma que nos obrigue a reequacionar o conceito, questionando a validade da definição do que é a rádio e a sua comunicação (...) (pag1). O conceito de rádio na Internet está ainda por definir, mas uma rádio com texto e vídeo, foge ao modelo tradicional, actualizando um formato com cerca de oitenta anosde existência e fornecendo ao utilizador, que é também o ouvinte, um amplo conjunto de potencialidades, que até aqui seriam impensáveis. (2) (...) A rádio afasta-se do seu conceito original e assume uma configuração multimédia que só a Internet pode oferecer. A convergência das tecnologias instaura novos formatos para velhos conteúdos, e obriga ao progressivo desenvolvimento do sistema de comunicações. Num futuro próximo, a rádio na Internet poderá ser banalizada a partir do momento em que o sistema digital se generalizar. A inovação mais recente, o sistema digital de radiodifusão (DAB – Digital Audio Broadcasting), abre perspectivas até aqui nunca pensadas para a rádio, pela flexibilidade de um sistema inovador, cujos limites ainda não são conhecidos. (pag7)»
fonte: Paula Cordeiro, «Rádio e Internet: novas perspectivas para um velho meio», Universidade do ALgarve, 2004
«Segundo os elementos da Marktest Audimetria/MediaMonitor, em 2006, os portugueses despenderam três horas e meia por dia a ver televisão.Em 2006, cada português viu, em média por dia, em sua casa, 3 horas, 30 minutos e 5 segundos de televisão, menos 2 minutos e 4 segundos do que no ano anterior» (fonte: Marktest.com, 23 de Janeiro de 2007)
O que é que significa que, na loja iTunes dos EUA, o podcast mais ouvido seja o de um programa da NPR, «This AMerican Life», de Ira Glass? que a rádio está a aproveitar o podcasting? que os ouvintes querem bons conteúdos e que os melhores conteúdos podem ser os da rádio? que os ouvintes da rádio estão a aproveitar as novas tecnlogias?
«Although iPod remains a four-letter word to many in the radio business, the top podcast on the iTunes chart, week after week, is a radio show: "This American Life," the weekly syndicated public radio show hosted by Ira Glass. It's a sign that radio, instead of fighting the competition from online and satellite radio, is adopting the same tools to serve -- and keep -- its listeners. It wasn't so long ago that terrestrial radio was just called radio, a business ruled by revenues, formula and conventional wisdom. But now it's exploring new ways to reach listeners. That strategy includes inventing new or hybrid formats, running multiple formats via HD Radio and stepping away from a nuts-and-bolts radio altogether -- by offering programming on-demand through online podcasts and even featuring video content on stations' Web sites. High Definition Radio's digital broadcasts may be terrestrial radio's most effective weapon as it rallies to maintain its relevance in the face of downloads, file-sharing and satellite radio. These receivers give FM signals CD-quality sound and convert AM signals to a clearer, FM-like signal. The technology also enables broadcasters to air more than one channel on the same frequency, opening the door to new formats and more choices for listeners. (...) "Terrestrial radio remains a medium of choice for millions of Americans," says Jeff Pollack, chairman and CEO of Pollack Media Group, a Pacific Palisades, Calif.-based music and programming media advisory firm that works with TV and new media companies as well as radio stations. Pollack notes that a large majority of Americans -- 93 percent -- listen to radio at least once a week. "That is not going to change in the near future. During 2007, we expect that more and more U.S. stations will be streaming their signals, as well as offering their broadcasts in digital form. Some will also create new sub-channels of specialty formats, which will be available to those with HD radio receivers and also on the Web."»
fonte: «Radio competes against downloads, file-sharing, satellite broadcasts», Wednesday, January 10, 2007, Adrian McCoy, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
«(...) For younger audiences, daily entertainment options now include visits to online sites like YouTube, and video has become part of radio's outreach strategy. WKST's Web site, for example, features on-demand music videos in addition to podcasts of some of its "Morning Freak Show" bits. Younger listeners are using cell phones as the new request line connection, text-messaging song requests to their favorite radio stations instead of phoning them in. Some cell phone companies now offer the capability to see a radio station's recent playlist, download audio or take part in contests. A terrestrial station's cyberspace presence has become an important programming tool. "We're really tuned into the audiences that utilize our sites" says Clear Channel's Rohm. "We know who they are. They tell us what they want. We've begun to develop a tremendous amount of proprietary content. In a variety of platforms, we're trying to make the best entertainment value to consumers. No matter how much on the go they are, we're accessible to them." "What comes out of the speakers over your radio is the most important thing," adds CBS Radio Pittsburgh's Clark. "But there is content that comes out of those speakers that people might want to hear again, at a more convenient time. Making a lot of our content available in short Webcast form is going to be an important part of the future."
fonte: «Radio competes against downloads, file-sharing, satellite broadcasts», Wednesday, January 10, 2007, Adrian McCoy, Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
«Durante o mês de Outubro 766 mil portugueses efectuaram downloads diversos a partir do telemóvel. Este número abrange utilizadores com mais de nove anos e possuidores deste tipo de dispositivos, afirma a Marktest salientando que os valores recolhidos, através do Barómetro das Telecomunicações, são representativos de 10,3 por cento do total de utilizadores enquadrados nesta amostra.
fonte: «Downloads através do telemóvel cativam 766 mil portugueses em Outubro», 26/12/06, TEK, casa dos Bits
«Like it or not, the phone will be the new portable radio, even as the definition of "portable radio" ebbs and flows. Just remember, right now consumers feel that radio isn't portable at all. So this might actually be a growth opportunity - but only if you have the streaming capacity and if you have the right partner deals in place.»
«According to the "Outlook for the Global Mobile Music Market, 2005-2010" report, just released by Gartner Dataquest, worldwide mobile phone users spent .7 billion to have music delivered to their handsets, and that figure will rise to .2 billion by 2010. 'Mobile music, which includes everything from ringtones, realtones and ringback tones to full-track downloads and streaming, is the second most popular mobile data service — although it is considerably behind short message service (SMS) in both usage and revenues'.»
fonte: Hear2.0, Phone = Radio, 25/01/07
«Internet radio audiences are growing rapidly and revenues associated to that growth are following suit, according to a new report from J.P. Morgan.
« The European Space Agency has developed a prototype satellite radio system which uses old television satellites nearing the end of their working lives to provide high-quality satellite radio in Europe—along with video and data services. If the service were to go into commercial operation, it would be the first in-car satellite radio system available to Europeans, who do not receive service from leading North American satellite radio providers, XM and Sirius. The ESA's prototype system rides on an existing network of satellites originally put into orbit to broadcast television signals. These satellites typically have operational lifetimes of 10 to 15 years, but eventually run out of fuel to correct their orbital trajectories. However, the satellites are still operational, and even if they're useless for television services which require stationary satellites, they're still useful for data transmission. The proposed satellite radio system would broadcast its programming as data files, rather than traditional radio signals: the data would be picked up by in-car receivers which would store the programming to a local memory cache; thus, even if a car goes out of range of a satellite—say in a tunnel, parking garage, or other structure—the system can continue to play programming from cache uninterrupted. The data-based approach also means the system can be used to distribute any sort of digital media or service, including navigation information and video content (...)»
fonte: «Europe Eyes Old Birds for Satellite Radio» Digital Trends, 26/01/07
«weekly cume for traditional radio will slide from 94% of the U.S. population in 2007 to 77% by 2020»
«Bridge Ratings also predicts that weekly cume for traditional radio will slide from 94% of the U.S. population in 2007 to 77% by 2020.
Though that's a huge drop, this estimate is up somewhat from Bridge's previous quarterly projection.
"These new estimates are based on interviews with current listeners of traditional radio (AM/FM). Their overall perception of the medium and their outlook for future use improved during this quarter's interviews," President Dave Van Dyke stated.»
fonte: «... And a Tweak Up for Terrestrial », Radio world, 26/01/07
«Does the idea of being able to by-pass radio advertising and DJ-chatter appeal to you? That's what Sweden's PopCatcher MusicDock is offering. "Simply tune in to any radio station of your choice," it says. "The PopCatcher MusicDock MD-601 recognizes any music category and captures the separate songs automatically, free of charge and legally. "The songs are saved on the mp3 player as 192 kbps MP3 files. The MP3 files are easily dropped onto a computer, an iPod or a mobile phone." Interesting, with the likes of Google, Microsoft, Yahoo and all the others going blind trying to figure out ways to force us to watch and/or listen to their brainless ad-babble. Do ads really make people buy? Or have manufacturers and retailers been connned into believing they do? Meanwhile, PopCatcher doesn't say how much this unit will cost, or when it'll be available. The online blurb doesn't list the price, but in a Reader's Write, "I'd just like to add that this product already is for sale in Sweden, for 1199 SEK (0)," says Magnus Nilsson. Meanwhile, the patented technology will also be available to developers under license, says PopCatcher.»
Transistor kills the radio star?
Um blogue de suporte a uma investigação sobre a rádio do futuro - ou o que quer que ela se venha a chamar...
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