Blogia

Transistor kills the radio star?

Trabalho concluído

Desde Abril de 2005 que este blogue recolhe informação sobre o impacto da Internet na rádio (convencional); O objectivo foi, desde o princípio, sistematizar informação para a redacção da tese de doutoramento. A redacção está feita, a tese entregue.

Aguardemos por novidades...

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TAPSCOTT, Don (2008), Wikinomics. Matosinhos: Quidnovi

upload de musicas; o futuro?

«Bob Lefsetz, who writes an influential newsletter for the music industry, constantly comments on the changes in music and the way fans are able to dig out music on their own through sites such as DontBurnThePig.org, a clearinghouse for Dave Matthews Band news and music.

"I found a cornucopia of MP3s, available via Sendspace. That's how we get our music these days. SendSpace. Or RapidShare. Or YouSendIt. The bigwigs probably have no idea what I'm talking about, they're too focused on (illegal file-sharing sites such as LimeWire or PirateBay). This is DIRECT DOWNLOADING!" Lefsetz said.

These sites let users upload files up to 100 megabytes, usually for free. They can pay more for increased capacity. It's a convenient way to send large files, especially video. But it makes piracy easy, and investigators believe it's a preferred method for moving other illegal materials such as child pornography»

«Registered users are able to:

Oferta de programas on demand (o futuro)

«CelleCast announced this week it has added five new programs to its network of on-demand talk radio programming including: Todd Feinburg Show, Nick Federoff on Gardening, Things Green Garden Minute, and science programs Earth and Sky and Clear Voices for Science.

The service already carries well-known hosts like Dr. Laura, Lou Dobbs, Jon Elliot and Dave Graveline.

Cell Phone users can start with CelleCast’s "Free and Easy" plan which requires registration but no fees. For more features, users can also upgrade to the service’s "Power Plan" for $9.95/month.

You can also listen to programming online at www.cellecast.com. CelleCast was launched in November, 2007. (Corey Deitz)

«Are you a talk radio junkie? If you sometimes find yourself away from a radio you can still grab some programming on your cell phone with CelleCast. (...) CelleCast also recently introduced "CelleGrams" which allow listeners to bookmark and send audio clips from their cell phone to someone else who might be interested.»

«How To Listen to a CelleCast

Cellecasting is the easiest way to access and listen to News, Talk and a growing list of new programs. You can listen right here on the web, and you can listen and interact by just calling up a show on your home, mobile or office phone. Just dial and enjoy.


Use CelleCast From Your Phone

  1. Dial CelleCast’s universal access number (360-335-6000) or a phone number for a specific show.
  2. Follow the prompts to listen, with complete control to fast forward, pause, rewind or interact with hosts.Use CelleCast From the Web
  3. Find a program you want to hear under the "BROWSE PROGRAMS" menu
  4. Click "LISTEN NOW" from any screen to hear the program
  5. When logged in, programs can be saved to your playlist for automatic play next time you call

«The premise is simple. Listeners are empowered to listen to their favorite radio programs with any phone, at any time, from anywhere. Using CelleCast is as easy as dialing a phone number. No downloads required, no extra equipment to buy. A phone and the ability to dial is all it takes

Algumas questões que ainda não consegui perceber, porque o site não explica:

- os programas são emitidos em directo? com ouvintes?

- passam primeiro na rádio e depois neste operador? são simulcasting com a rádio?

O programa da dra Laura é emitido «Live links work only between Noon and 3:00pm PST» If there are no stations near you, Dr. Laura can be heard on XM Radio, via your cellphone through Cellecast, or through StreamLink: Ou seja, passa primeiro na rádio e depois é disponibilizado no cellecast, onde tambem pode ser ouvido em directo ou apenas depois, gravado? 

WALL, Tim (2004), «The political economy of Internet music radio», em The Radio Journal – International Studies in Broadcast and Audio Media 2: 1; 27–44

CORRÊA, Elizabeth Saad (2008), «Reflexões para uma Epistemologia da Comunicação Digital», em Observatório (OBS*) Journal, 4; 307-320

CORRÊA, Elizabeth Saad (2008), «Reflexões para uma Epistemologia da Comunicação Digital», em Observatório (OBS*) Journal, 4; 307-320 [http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/116/142]

A revolução começou: a Chrysler apresentou o uconnect

1. What is UConnect® Hands-Free Communication?
UConnect® is an in-vehicle, hands-free, voice-activated communication system that allows you to talk on your BluetoothTM Hands-Free Profile wireless phone virtually hands-free. UConnect® is offered, depending on the vehicle, as a factory or dealer-installed option.

«Retorting The New York Times’ article on how dangerous Chrysler’s in-car Wi-Fi service may be is Rick Aristotle Munarriz at Motley Fool, who argues that the benefits of in-car Internet (primarily Internet radio) outweigh potential accidents cause by distracted driving. “Temptations to lose focus are already abundant,” he writes, “The allure of having a router in your car doesn’t involve multitasking drivers. Instead, it’s about enhancing passengers’ existing entertainment and information options…Critics traditionally decry most new technologies before embracing the benefits, and the concerns brewing about UConnect will likely prove no different.”»

GILLMOR, Dan (2005), Nós, os media. Lisboa: Editorial Presença

McCLUNG, Steven, POMPPER, Donnalyn and KINNALLY, William (2007), «The Functions of Radio for Teens: Where Radio Fits Among Youth Media Choices», Atlantic Journal of Communication,15:2; 103—119

TUBELLA, Imma (2008), «Bajo el asfalto estaba la Red». El País, 14/03/08

TUBELLA, Imma (2008), «Bajo el asfalto estaba la Red». El País, 14/03/08

[http://www.elpais.com/articulo/opinion/asfalto/estaba/Red/elpepiopi/20080314elpepiopi_13/Tes]

BASTANI, Susan e FAZEL-ZARANDI, Maryam (2008), «The Effect of Internet Usage on Interpersonal Relationships: A Case Study», em Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 6; 293-306

BASTANI, Susan e FAZEL-ZARANDI, Maryam (2008), «The Effect of Internet Usage on Interpersonal Relationships: A Case Study», em Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 6; 293-306 [http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/222/196]

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Tabernero, Carlos, Sánchez-Navarro, Jordi e Tubella, Imma (2008), «The Young and the Internet: Revolution at Home. When the household becomes the foundation of socio-cultural change», em Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 6; 273-291

Tabernero, Carlos, Sánchez-Navarro, Jordi e Tubella, Imma (2008), «The Young and the Internet: Revolution at Home. When the household becomes the foundation of socio-cultural change», em Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 6; 273-291[http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/229/195]

JIN, Jianbin e CHEONG, Angus Weng Hin (2008), «Measuring Digital Divide: The Exploration in Macao», em Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 6; 259-272

JIN, Jianbin e CHEONG, Angus Weng Hin (2008), «Measuring Digital Divide: The Exploration in Macao», em Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 6; 259-272 [http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/186/199]

EWING, Scott e THOMAS, Julian (2008), «Broadband and the ‘Creative Internet’: Australians as consumers and producers of cultural content online», em Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 6; 187-208

EWING, Scott  e THOMAS, Julian (2008), «Broadband and the ‘Creative Internet’: Australians as consumers and producers of cultural content online», em Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 6; 187-208 [http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/215/190]

CARDOSO, Gustavo (2008), «Portugal in Transition to the Network Society. A Generational Divide through the Lenses of the Internet», em Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 6 ; 1-24

CARDOSO, Gustavo (2008), «Portugal in Transition to the Network Society. A Generational Divide through the Lenses of the Internet», em Observatorio (OBS*) Journal, 6 ; 1-24 [http://obs.obercom.pt/index.php/obs/article/view/227/178]

Ribeiro, Fernando Curado (1964), Rádio, Produção, Realização, Estética. Lisboa: Arcádia

PEDRERO, Luis Miguel (2001), «Nuevas audiencias, nuevos formatos», Martinéz-Costa, M. (ed), Reiventar la radio. Pamplona: Ediciones Eunate; págs. 213-220

A rádio está a ser muito penalizada pela transferência de publicidade

Receitas publicitárias na rádio dos EUA em forte queda

«September was “much uglier than expected”, So says Wachovia analyst Marci Ryvicker on radio’s 7% revenue decline»

«Citing what it calls "a challenging radio industry environment," Radio One Inc. reported a 40.2 percent decline in third-quarter earnings.»

A publicidade vai voltar à rádio (eu não acredito...)

«Publicidade na net supera a da rádio» (2009)

«La inversión publicitaria en internet crecerá un 28,2 por ciento este año, mientras que en el resto del mercado lo hará un 3,7, y superará a la emitida por radio en 2008, según un informe presentado por la agencia ZenithOptimedia.

Internet representará cerca del 9 por ciento del total de la inversión publicitará en 2009, según vaticina el estudio de la agencia de medios, en el que se observa que en la actualidad alcanza más del 10 por ciento de la tarta publicitaria en los mercados de Noruega, Suecia y Reino Unido.
Los pronósticos indican que el medio alcanzará este mismo porcentaje en el plazo de dos años en países como Australia, Canadá, Dinamarca, Israel, Japón, Corea del Sur, Taiwán y Estados Unidos.
Actualmente obtiene su mayor índice de participación publicitaria en Reino Unido, donde representará el 16,6 por ciento del total en 2007 y se prevé que llegue al 22,6 en 2009.
(...) En los últimos diez años la inversión publicitaria ha aumentado a una tasa media anual del 5 por ciento, cifra que ascendió hasta el 6,2 por ciento en 2006, gracias a los Juegos Olímpicos de invierno y al Mundial de Fútbol, mientras que crecerá en torno al 5,2 por ciento en 2007. (...)»

fonte: «La publicidad en internet superará a la emitida en radio en 2008», 11/04/07, El Espectador

Mais cedo do que o previsto, pub na net passa a rádio (GB)

«The internet will overtake radio by next year and become the world’s fourth-largest advertising medium, a year earlier than forecast. Global spending on internet advertising increased from $18.7 billion in 2005 to $24.9 billion (£12.6 billion) last year, according to ZenithOptimedia, the media-buying agency.  (...)In the Middle East and Eastern Europe, advertising spending is growing faster than in North America and Western Europe, which are “maturing rapidly” as advertising markets, Zenith said. (...) Although spending on traditional media, such as magazines and radio, has been falling in the UK, more than £2 billion was spent on internet advertising in 2006. Online advertising accounts for 11.4 per cent of total advertising revenue in Britain, almost double the global average of 5.8 per cent and above the 7.8 per cent share of advertising expenditure in the US.»

fonte: «Advertising on internet soars as world follows British lead», April 3, 2007, Rebecca O’Connor

 

A publicidade da rádio vai para a Net

«In the past three years, more than $100 million of radio advertising revenue has disappeared from Greater Media markets. That's according to President & CEO Peter Smyth, who wrote in his monthly newsletter, "These dollars, which were once used to fund ad messages to broad audiences, are being redeployed to the Internet in more personal, one-to-one marketing efforts. Advertisers are rethinking their approach to media marketing and are questioning their media mix." Smyth noted that interactive advertising is growing in excess of 25 percent per year, while radio revenues have been flat to negative for three years. "In the near future, the interactive world will be a larger, yet more diverse advertising medium than radio. What are we as an organization going to do to respond to this trend ...? It is time for us to more clearly define our business."»

fonte: «Smyth Says Let's Redefine Our Business», 12/01/07, RadioWOnline,

Publicidade na net ultrapassa rádio

«Um estudo recente da firma americana de pesquisa de mercado PQMedia apurou que o investimento publicitário em blogues, podcasts e RSS duplicou em 2005 - cifrando-se mesmo assim nuns relativamente reduzidos 16 milhões de euros; mas a firma estima que, até 2010, o investimento publicitário nesses meios chegue aos 620 milhões de euros anuais. Outra firma de pesquisa de mercado, a Zenith Media, estima que em 2005 a quota da Internet no mercado publicitário mundial era de 4,5 por cento; e que em 2008 essa quota chegará aos 6,5 por cento. Ainda segundo a Zenith media, a publicidade na internet irá ultrapassar em volume a publicidade em outdoors; em 2008 irá alcançar a publicidade na rádio».

fonte: «E de onde vem o dinheiro» Publico, 15/4/06, pag 5 

Investimento publicitário na internet ultrapassa o da ráadio em 2008

«Spending on Internet ads will overtake billboards and other outdoor advertising next year, and close the gap on radio in 2008, a new report said. The Internet will account for 6.5 percent of all advertising by the year after next, up from an earlier forecast of 6 percent in December, according to global media firm Zenith Optimedia. Online ad spending accounted for 4.5 percent of the global market last year. "We have revised our Internet forecasts upwards once again, as it has continued to exceed expectations," Zenith said. Radio's market share will fall to 7.9 percent in 2008, from 8.5 percent last year. "The Internet is now firmly established as a mainstream advertising medium in developed markets, and in many developing markets too," Zenith said».

fonte: «ONLINE ADS GRAB SHARE», New York Post, By HOLLY M. SANDERS, April 11, 2006

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Reduzir os tempos será solução?

«When public radio has to consider making its programs shorter because young listeners won’t listen, we officially have a documented attention span problem. (...) Break the programming down into smaller chunks. That is, one hour of music is fine if you’re in the mood to listen for an hour. You’ll rarely find a young person doing that. In the past radio worked well with block programming -- variable length shows at different times. Growing up I remember "the adults" listening to WOR, New York that had, say, a 15-minute newscast, then a 45-minute program with the legendary Jean Sheppard. There was a different standard for program length. You just had to stay tuned. Maybe it’s a 45-minute show. Maybe a 55-minute program on health. The all-night show tended to be one long block figuring that the station was providing company for night owls. Back to the future. Even a top 40 station can break into a five song countdown anywhere on its clock -- say, featuring the five newest releases in the genre.»

 The Attention Span Problem  Inside Music media, 6/05/08 

Pagar?

«Simon Waldman, Guardian director of digital publishing, says: “Over the last year there has been a wave of spectacular growth in online advertising. Charging for content is less of a critical success factor than two or three years ago. This really is an advertising market now.”» (BLACKHURST, 2006: 55 

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